- 50th Anniversary
- A Brief History
- Battle Honours
- Historical Timeline
- Major Historical Events
- Victoria Cross
- Sir Winston Churchill
- 17th HLI
- Famous Fusiliers
- RHF 2Scots Website "White Hackle"
- Older News Reports
In 1853 Russia declared war on Turkey, and Great Britain and France intervened on the side of the latter. An Anglo- French force was despatched to the Crimea. It included the 21st which took part in the victory on the Alma and in the battle of Inkerman , where it made an heroic stand on a position on the Inkerman Heights known as ‘ The Barrier’. The 1/71st from Corfu and 2/71st from Canada arrived in the Crimea in 1855, where they were amalgamated. Both the 21st and 71st served in the trenches before Sevastopol (1854) during the long seige and subsequently at its capture. The 71st was later engaged in operations on the Kerch Peninsula. Peace was declared in 1856 after a war notorious for the privations inflicted on the troops who took part.
1/21st on garrison duties in Malta.
71st also on garrison duties in Malta.
THE INDIAN MUTINY
The 74th arrived in India from the East Indies in 1854 and remained on garrison duties until 1857 when the Indian Mutiny broke out. The Regiment took part in general operations throughout the period and shared the battle honour Central India with the 71st.
The 71st arrived in India in 1858. They took part in numerous actions particularly at Koonch (1858) and Morar, where the first VC was won by Private George Rogers .
After the Mutiny ended in 1859, both the 71st and the 74th remained in India on garrison duty - the 71st until 1863 and the 74th until 1864.
The 74th then returned to Scotland and was situated in Britain until 1866.
Meanwhile the 1/21st had embarked for the West Indies from Malta in 1860 and remained there until 1864, when it returned to Britain, occupying various stations in Scotland, England and Ireland from 1864 to 1868. In 1869 it arrived in India where it remained until 1881 when it returned to Britain and was stationed in England and Ireland until 1895.Returned to India in 1896. In 1877 the Battalion had become the 1st Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers (1 RSF ) on the authorisation of the old title.
The 2/21st was re-raised in Paisley in 1858 and was stationed in Wales, England and Ireland until 1862, before embarking for India and remaining there until 1868. From here the Regiment was transferred to Burma (1868-71) thereafter returning to India. When relieved by the 1/21st it returned home in 1873, serving in Scotland, England and Ireland until 1879, when it embarked for South Africa.In 1877 its title was changed to 2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers (2 RSF)
After the Umbeyla Campaign (1863-64), referred to later, the 71st was stationed in England, Scotland and Ireland (1865-67). Later it served in Gibraltar (1868-73), Malta (1873-78), Cyprus (1878), Gibraltar (1878-80). It returned to Scotland in 1881, when it became the 1st Battalion, The Highland Infantry (1HLI ).
The 74th was stationed in Scotland, England and Ireland from 1864-66 : it then garrisoned Gibraltar (1867-72) : Malta (1872-75) : the Straits Settlements(1876-78) : Hong Kong (1879) : Singapore (1880), then back to Scotland and England (1880-81) when it became the 2nd Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry (2HLI).
The 71st took part in the Umbeyla Campaign on the North West Frontier of India,culminating in the capture, by the Regiment, of Crag Picquet against heavy odds.
2 RSF took part in the Zulu War, marching into Zululand to retrieve the disaster of Isandlwana. The Colours were carried into action for the last time at the battle of Ulundi where Cetawayo was defeated.
The battle honour South Africa 1879 was awarded.
THE BOER REBELLION
In 1880 the Boers rose in a revolt which ended in the cession by Britain of the Transvaal. In these difficult circumstances. 2 RSF played a notable part including the defence of Potchefstroom for four months. The Battalion moved to India in1882.
In 1882 Arabi Pasha, an Egyptian Army Colonel, headed a revolt against the ruler, Khedive, who was supported by Great Britain. Troops including the 2 HLI were landed at Alexandria. The Battalion took part in the battles of Ramleh and Tel el Kebir , afterwards being among the first troops to enter Cairo, where it received the surrender of the Citadel. The Battalion returned to England in 1883.
In 1884 the cruelties and intrigues of Thibaw, King of Upper Burma, led to the annexation of the whole country by Britain. 2 RSF took part in the operations and gained the battle honour BURMA 1885-87. Thereafter the Battalion returned to India and remained on garrison duty until 1896.
THE MALAKAND FIELD FORCE
Both 1RSF and 2 HLI served with the Malakand Field Force during its operations on the North-West Frontier of India. The battle honour TIRAH was awarded to 1RSF.
Subsequently, 1 RSF remained in India until 1909 and 2 HLI returned to England, remaining there until 1914.
1 HLI having been stationed in England from 1881 to 1895, and Malta from 1895 to 1898, served in Crete as part of an international force during the rioting of 1898. The Battalion was heavily engaged and suffered a good many casualties. It returned to England in 1899.
THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR
In 1899 the Boer republics declared war on Great Britain and invaded Natal. 2 RSF in the Fusilier Brigade and 1 HLI in the Highland Brigade arrived in South Africa in November 1899. The former Brigade was directed on Kimberley, the latter on Ladysmith which was under seige.
1HLI took part in the battles of Belmont (1899), Modder River (1899), Magersfontein (1899) and several others.
2RSF fought at Colenso (1899), the Relief of Ladysmith (1900) and in other battles.The relief was the turning point of the war, which then turned into a series of guerilla operations in which both Battalions played their part, taking part in innumerable operations.
MORE GARRISON DUTIES
2 RSF returned home in 1903 and was stationed in England and Ireland until 1914 when it was sent to Gibraltar.
1 RSF left India in 1909 and was engaged in garrison duties in South Africa until 1914 when it returned to Gosport.
1 HLI left South Africa for Egypt (1903-04), Sudan (1904-05), India (1905-14).
2 HLI was stationed in India (1884-1900) and the British Isles (1900-14).
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